University of agribusiness and rural development, Regional development of Central and Eastern European countries

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Evaluation of Radical Scavenging Capacity and Phenolic Content of Extracts of Kiwano Fruit (Cucumis metuliferus) Cultivated in Canakkale Region, Turkey
Nazan Arifoglu, Gulen Turker, Bayram Kizilkaya

Last modified: 2015-10-12

Abstract


Kiwano (Cucumis metuliferus), also known as horned melon, is an exotic fruit originating from Africa. Nowadays, kiwano is also cultivated in Australia, California, Chile and is also newly introduced in Turkey. The ripe fruits of kiwano have yellow to orange skin and lime green jelly-like flesh. Previous studies have revealed that exotic fruits are rich in therapeutic bioactive agents. The consumption of such bioactive agents might lead to the decrease in the risk of various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.

The present study revealed the total phenolic and flavonoid content as well as the DPPH radical scavenging capacity of the kiwano fruits cultivated in Turkey. Compared with the radical scavenging activity of BHT and vitamin C, kiwano fruit extracts exhibited moderate radical scavenging capacity.

Keywords


bioactive agents, phenolic and flavonoid content, radical scavenging capacity

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